Part 8: Towards well-grounded arguments
Based on the ancient records and maps of Vietnam, some comments can be made as follows:
1. Right from the era of the Nguyễn Lords, the Vietnamese had got rather thorough understanding of the existence of these islands. Vietnamese descriptions of the islands are more detailed and precise than those of the Chinese side.
2. The signs of the discovery and the affirmation of ownership of the islands had been recorded with decisions of the Nguyễn Lords on sending teams of boats there for a number of months each year.
Maps of Vietnam during the Nguyễn Dynasty drawn around 1838 describe “Hoàng Sa” and “Vạn lý Trường Sa” belonging to Vietnam’s territory, off the coastal islands of Central Vietnam – Photo: Biengioilanhtho.gov.vn
The problem here is where the activities in the capacity of the state exactly took place? For the Vietnamese, these activities are aimed…
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