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Development and Settlement of Disputes, The South China Sea Arbitration: the Republic of Philippines vs. the People's Republic of China, U-Shaped Line and Maritime Delimitation

Philippine perspective of South China Sea arbitration: What’s at stake in our case vs China?

South China Sea

What’s at stake in our case vs China?

Philippine Supreme Court Senior Justice Carpio

Our 1987 Constitution mandates: “The State shall protect the nation’s marine wealth in its xxx exclusive economic zone, and reserve its use and enjoyment exclusively to Filipino citizens.” This is the mandate of the Constitution that we have all solemnly sworn to uphold.

To fulfill the State’s obligation to protect the nation’s marine wealth in its exclusive economic zone (EEZ), the Philippines has filed an arbitration case against China in accordance with the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). At stake in the arbitration before an UNCLOS Annex VII tribunal is whether the Philippines will keep or lose 80% of its exclusive economic zone and 100% of its extended continental shelf in the West Philippines Sea.

UNCLOS, ratified by 165 states comprising 85% of the entire membership of the United Nations…

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